# Mixed References

Last Updated on 03/10/2023

A mixed reference is a cell's reference that blocks the reference of a Column or a Row but not both. This is very useful to build complex workbooks.

1. Block the reference of the column

Like \$A1

2. Block the reference of the row

For instance A\$1

Before showing you an example of a calculation using mixed references, we will detail the use of the \$ symbol in a reference. An absolute reference has two \$. There is one for the rows and one for the columns.

But which dollar does what? 🤔🤨🙄 In fact, it's very simple, just look at the position of the \$

• If the \$ is on the left of the letter it means you locked the column
• If the \$ is on the left of the row number it means you lock the row

Tips: Press the key F4 multiple times to change the position of the \$ when you build your formula.

## Multiplication table

To illustrate the use of a mixed reference, we will construct a multiplication table. The idea here is to create a single formula and copy it for the rest of the document. This will save us from writing the 99 other formulas 😉

We want to stay always on the headers of our table so we will write the formula as follows

=\$B4*C\$3

1. Start by copying cell C4 (Ctrl + C)
2. Then select all other cells
3. Finally, paste the formula (Ctrl + V)

The multiplication table is now correct for every single cell.

We have created only one formula and copied it for the 99 other cells 👍😍😎

## Tips to know where to insert the \$?

If creating a formula with mixed references is difficult for you at first glance, use this trick to know where to put the \$. 💡

1. First, don't think at all to the dollar. Write your formula without dollar
2. Create 3 or 4 formula in your document
1. Now, display the formulas of your document by activating the menu Formulas>Show Formulas

1. Now look carefully at the formulas. 🧐Each formula points to
• The column B, so we put a \$ before the B
• The row 3, so we put a \$ before the 3

## Mixed references in a Table

Finally, if you want to create a mixed reference in a Table (Insertion>Table), YOU CAN'T! ⛔⛔⛔ In a Table you can only create absolute or relative references

## Frédéric LE GUEN

#### 1 Comment

1. Azhar hanif
23/09/2021 @ 09:12

can we say that when rows and columns are different with respect to multiplication and
for divisions then we used mix reference

# Mixed References

Last Updated on 03/10/2023

A mixed reference is a cell's reference that blocks the reference of a Column or a Row but not both. This is very useful to build complex workbooks.

1. Block the reference of the column

Like \$A1

2. Block the reference of the row

For instance A\$1

Before showing you an example of a calculation using mixed references, we will detail the use of the \$ symbol in a reference. An absolute reference has two \$. There is one for the rows and one for the columns.

But which dollar does what? 🤔🤨🙄 In fact, it's very simple, just look at the position of the \$

• If the \$ is on the left of the letter it means you locked the column
• If the \$ is on the left of the row number it means you lock the row

Tips: Press the key F4 multiple times to change the position of the \$ when you build your formula.

## Multiplication table

To illustrate the use of a mixed reference, we will construct a multiplication table. The idea here is to create a single formula and copy it for the rest of the document. This will save us from writing the 99 other formulas 😉

We want to stay always on the headers of our table so we will write the formula as follows

=\$B4*C\$3

1. Start by copying cell C4 (Ctrl + C)
2. Then select all other cells
3. Finally, paste the formula (Ctrl + V)

The multiplication table is now correct for every single cell.

We have created only one formula and copied it for the 99 other cells 👍😍😎

## Tips to know where to insert the \$?

If creating a formula with mixed references is difficult for you at first glance, use this trick to know where to put the \$. 💡

1. First, don't think at all to the dollar. Write your formula without dollar
2. Create 3 or 4 formula in your document
1. Now, display the formulas of your document by activating the menu Formulas>Show Formulas

1. Now look carefully at the formulas. 🧐Each formula points to
• The column B, so we put a \$ before the B
• The row 3, so we put a \$ before the 3

## Mixed references in a Table

Finally, if you want to create a mixed reference in a Table (Insertion>Table), YOU CAN'T! ⛔⛔⛔ In a Table you can only create absolute or relative references

#### 1 Comment

1. Azhar hanif
23/09/2021 @ 09:12

can we say that when rows and columns are different with respect to multiplication and
for divisions then we used mix reference