**The SUMIF function returns the sum of values for a specific criterion. It's one of the most useful functions in Excel**

**The column containing the criterion**Select the column where is the first criterion

**The criterion**Write the value of the first criterion

**Select the column to sum**Only one column must be selected. This column must contain numeric values.

=SUMIFS(Column with the criterion, Criterion, Range to add)

## Never do this to SUM specific rows ⛔

When you want to sum a column for a specific criterion, some users do this:

- Filter on the criterion you want in column B
- Select the column where you have the data to sum (Column C)
- Look in the status bar for the result

Ok, it works, but this technique is not the most convenient if you have many results to return. **This is why, in this situation, you must use the SUMIF function** 😀

## What is the number of pens sold in the month?

For instance, you want to know the number of pens sold monthly.

### Step 1: Select the column containing your criteria

In H4, write the beginning of the formula and select the range of cells where you have your product.

=SUMIF($B$3:$B$12,

**The $ are not necessary yet**. They will be important when we will copy this formula later.

### Step 2: Write your criteria

Then, you write your criteria or the reference where you have your criteria.

=SUMIF($B$3:$B$12,"Pen"

Or with a cell reference.

=SUMIF($B$3:$B$12,$G4

**At this point, there is no difference with the COUNTIF function.**

### Step 3: Select the column with the values to SUM

Finish with the range of cells where you have your data to add.

=SUMIF($B$3:$B$12,$G4,$C$3:$C$12)

## Let's check the result

The result returned by the function is 245. In the very first picture of the article, we have

**75**in row 3**50**in row 6**100**in row 8**20**in row 12

And **the sum** of these values **is 245** 😉👍

## What are the Sales for the pens only

If you want to return the sum of the sales for the pens, **you have to change the 3rd argument**.

**Instead of the column of the quantity (col C), you indicate the column of the sales (col E)**.

=SUMIF($B$3:$B$12,$G4,$E$3:$E$12)

## Result for all the products

Now, we just have to copy the 2 formulae for the other cells and we have the following result

The reference of the ranges of the products, quantity, and Total don't move because of the $.

## And if you want more than one criterion?

The SUMIF function is built to make the sum **for only one criterion**. If you want to return **the sum for more than one criterion**, you must use the function SUMIFS