## Purpose of the function VLOOKUP

Often, Excel files contain data like customers, prospects or products. The VLOOKUP function returns the value of one cell of your reference table.

To build a VLOOKUP, you needs 4 parameters

- First parameter of the function contains
**the value to search**. - Second parameter is
**the range of cells where of your reference table**. - Third parameter indicates
**the column number to return**. - The last parameter is 0 or FALSE (means exact match) or 1 or TRUE (means approaching).

## Explanation step by step

You have a list of product with details for each one of them.

We want to collect the **Origin **of each fruits, based on the **product ID**.

### Step 1: What we are looking for?

We want to focus on one row identify by one ID. So in C13, we have written 1 ID of our list.

So the first parameter of the function is the reference of this cell

=VLOOKUP(C13,

### Step 2: Range of cells of the reference table

This step is very easy. We just write the references of the area where you have your data

=VLOOKUP(C13,$A$2:$E$11,

Note 1:The first column MUST contain the value we are searching.

Note 2: It is not necessary to include the header in your array.

Note 3: You must block references of your reference table.

### Step 3: Index of the column to return

The third argument of the function is the column number you want to return.

In our example, the column **Origin **is in the third position of our reference table. So the value of the 3rd argument = 3.

=VLOOKUP(C13,$A$2:$E$11,3

### Step 4: Exact match (IMPORTANT)

The last argument **equal 0 (or FALSE)**.

=VLOOKUP(C13,$A$2:$E$11,3 ,0)

This argument is important because if it is omitted, the value = 1 and 1 (or TRUE) means approximate research. You will see in this article an example when to use the argument 1 with the function VLOOKUP

## What's happen when we change the first value?

When you change the value to search (first argument), the function returns instantaneously the **Origin **value.

## 2 comments

very useful

Excellent. Very useful. Thank you.